Mill Production


The nature of mill production has some basic differences in Bangladesh and India. There are 219 jute mills in Bangladesh. Among them 86 are under Bangladesh Jute Spinners Association (BJSA), 106 are under Bangladesh Jute Mills Association (BJMA) of which 88 are running and 27 are under Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC). While in India there are 83 mills most of which are composite mills.

India is the leading jute goods producing country in the world accounting for 70% of estimated world production primarily because of large number of composite mills. The average production of jute goods is around 1530,000, and average domestic demand is around 1350,000 MT a year with minor variations. These jute mills employed approximately 49, 314 permanent workers and 1, 57, 789 other workers. 

There are are 1, 65, 501 (approximately) workers employed in the jute mills of Bangladesh. The average production of BJSA mills, BJMA mills and BJMC mills are 422,000, 160,000 and 172,923 MT  of jute products respectively. Among these the BJSA mills export 3, 42, 195 MT of yarns/twines while BJMA and BJMC export 48, 000 MT and 21,000 MT of hessian and sackings mainly to Middle East countries, Europe, USA, etc. Yarn sector in Bangladesh has flourished tremendously over the last decade compared to the composite mills. The closed mills of various countries (Algeria, Italy, France, Belgium, UK, Bulgaria, Brazil, Thailand, etc.) have been relocated in Bangladesh which started production of jute yarns of various counts to meet the requirement of foreign consumers. In 2011 Bangladesh exported about 3, 93,000 MT of jute yarn to various countries, Turkey being the lead importer with 37% of the total yarn export. Composite mills, however, could not fare so well because of shrinkage of export market for hessian, carpet backing cloth, etc.

Modernization of Processing Machinery


As recognized by most studies, modernization would include development and adoption of new generation machinery as jute needs to be processed at a technological level equivalent to that used by other fibres for its survival against the competition from competing alternative fibres. New machinery need to be designed to process greater volumes, process faster with higher standards, consume less power and be cheaper and easy to maintain. Electronic retrofits need to be introduced in these machines for effective quality control and continuous monitoring.

Modern machinery which can be adapted to work successfully with jute are high output spreaders, new design high output Breaker and Finisher cards, high speed & high output drawing frames,  ring twisters, shuttle less looms, precision winders, etc. Installation of shuttle less looms like Sulzer, STB, Dornier, ATPR, etc would improve the productivity and quality as well. Ring spinning may be adopted to produce fine yarns which will be subsequently used in making light weight fabrics to be used for making various products like shopping bags, decorative, household items, handicrafts, etc. Establishment of an automatic jute bag sewing unit would increase the productivity to a great extent.

A number of jute mill machinery manufacturers like Lagan Engineering Company Ltd, Milltex Engineering (P) Ltd, GSL, India and Zhejiang Golden Eagle Co., Ltd, China manufacture and supply jute processing machinery to the jute industry of Bangladesh and India.  

Government of India is currently implementing a project on ‘Jute Technology Mission (JTM)’ for overall development of the jute sector in India. Under Mini Mission IV of JTM, a Scheme for Machinery Development has been earmarked for technology up gradation in the jute industry. Several mills have taken subsidy benefits under the scheme and have gone mostly for partial replacement and modernization. The scheme is also supporting a modern machinery development program with Lagan Engineering Company.