| Botanical Aspects |

| Varieties of Jute | | Ecology | | Growing Regions | | Planting |
| Harvesting | | Retting | | Fibre Extraction | | Fibre Quality | | Grading |


Varieties of Jute


A number of jute varieties have been developed and released in different countries.


A number of white and tossa jute varieties has been released in Bangladesh since the beginning of research in the first decade of twentieth century. These include 21 white and 10 tossa jute varieties and are as follows:

White jute: Kakya Bombai, R-85, D-154, D-386, Funduk, C-212, C-13, C-321, C-412, C-1, C-2, C-3, C-4, C-5, C-6, CVE-3, CVL-1, CC-45, BJC-83, BJC-7370, & C-38

Tossa jute: R-26, R-27, CG, O-2, O-3, O-4, O-5, O-9897, 0M-1 & O-72



In China, about 90% of the area is sown to kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and about 10% to jute. The major area under jute is covered by white jute and relatively smaller area is under tossa jute.

White jute: Yue Yuan No. 5, 71–10, Capsularis No. 2, Mei-Feng No. 4 

Tossa jute:  Kuan Ye Xiang, Jute No. 1,2, Guangang, Guangfeng


A number of varieties has been released in India for both the species. These include 13 tossa and 12 white jute varieties.

White jute: JRC-321, JRC-212, JRC-7447, JRC-4444, UPC-94, Padma, KTC-1, JRC-698, Bidhan Pat 1,Bidhan Pat 2, Bidhan Pat 3, JRC-80

Tossa jute: JRO-632, JRO-878, JRO-7835, JRO-524, TJ-40, JRO-3690, KOM-62, JRO-66, JRO-8432, JRO-128, S-19 (Subala), Bidhan Rupali tossa, JRO-204 (Suren).

It is important to note that JRO-204 is recommended for sowing as early as in the first week of March in the Indian sub-continent.


In Indonesia, about 80% of the area is sown to kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), 15% to roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa), while 5% is under white jute.

White jute: CC 15, CC 22


In Nepal, about 63 percent of the area is sown to tossa jute and 37 percent to white jute as per record up to the end of the last century. The major varieties in use are however of Indian origin. These are as follows.

White jute: JRC – 321, JRC – 212, JRC – 7447

Tossa jute: JRO – 632, JRO – 524, JRO – 7835, JRO – 878


In Thailand, about 80% of the area is sown to roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa), 10% to kenaf (H. cannabinus) and 10% to tossa jute.

Tossa jute: Non Soong 1, Khon Kaen 1 (JRO-878)


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