1.        Overview:

a.     Total Area: 7,741,220 sq km

b.    Total Population: 22.61 Million (2011)

                                          i.    Agricultural Population – 0.87 Millions

                                         ii.    Total labour force – 11.91 Millions

c.     GDP: US$1.236 trillion (2010 est.)

d.    GDP - real growth rate: 2.7% (2010 est.)

e.     GDP – per capita: US$41,000 (2010 est.)

f.     GDP - composition by sector:

                                          i.    agriculture: 3.9% (2010 est.)

                                         ii.    industry: 25.5% (2010 est.)

                                        iii.    services: 70.6% (2010 est.)

g.    Investment (gross fixed): 27.4% of GDP (2010 est.)

h.    Unemployment rate: 5.2% (2010 est.)

i.      People under poverty line: NA%

j.      Industries: mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel

k.     Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2010 est.)

2.         Trade:

a.     Total Exports: $212.9 billion (2010 est.)

b.    Exports commodities: wheat, coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, machinery and transport equipment

c.     Export partners: China 27.4%, Japan 19.2%, South Korea 8.9%, India 5.8% (2011)

d.    Total Import: $194.7 billion (2010 est.)

e.     Imports commodities: machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products

f.     Import partners: China 18.5%, US 11.4%, Japan 7.9%, Singapore 6.3%, Germany 4.7% (2011)

g.    CO2 emissions (kt): 18.75

3.         Climate, Land & Agriculture:

a.     Climate: generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

b.    Land Use:

                                          i.    Arable land: 6.15% (includes about 27 million hectares of cultivated grassland)

                                         ii.    Permanent crops: 0.04%

                                        iii.    Other: 93.81%

                                        iv.    Irrigated land: 25,500 sq km

c.     Major Agricultural commodities: wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry

4.        Major Industrial Activities where jute can be used: food processing, textile, clothing and footwear industry, automobile

5.      Environmental information & data:

Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions: Australia has about 0.3% of the world’s population, but contributes about 1.5% of total greenhouse gas emissions. This puts Australians among the highest per capita emitters. In 2007, Australia’s net greenhouse gas emissions across all sectors totalled 597.2 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (Mt CO2-e) under the accounting provisions of the Kyoto Protocol

 Reducing greenhouse gas emissions:  There are many opportunities for households and businesses in Australia to reduce emissions, including large-scale use of renewable energy sources, reducing uses of plastic bags, improving energy efficiency and greater use of public transport. Putting a price on carbon emissions would change the relative prices of different forms of energy and accelerate the move to a low carbon economy.

 Australia’s changing climate: Australia’s climate is changing. Since 1950, Australia’s average annual temperature has increased by 0.9C. Scientists conclude that most of this change is likely due to human emissions of greenhouse gases. Declines in snow cover, increases in warm days and decreases in cold days are also likely to be attributable to human activity

 Australia Concerns about the environment

  The plastic carry bag is an established part of Australian shopping. The nation consumes approximately 6.9 billion plastic bags, or 36,850 tonnes of plastic, each year - this equates to just under one bag per person per day. About 53% of plastic bags are distributed from supermarkets, while 47% come from other retail outlets such as fast food shops, liquor stores, and general merchandising.


  The present Australian Govt. is concerned about the environmental sector and banned Single-use, lightweight polyethylene plastic bags (35 microns or less) for carrying goods from 1st November 2011

  The ban is expected to reduce 400 million polythene bags a year;

  Retailer will be charged for $315 or a maximum penalty of $5,000 if they are caught breaching the ban;

  Australia is a country on the forefront in keeping its commitment for sustainable environment eco-friendly development.

Plastic bags ban – At a glance

 Which bags are banned?

Single-use, lightweight polyethylene plastic bags (35 microns or less) will be banned. These thin plastic bags with handles are used to carry retail goods. They are most commonly supplied at supermarkets and take-away food outlets.

 Which bags are NOT banned?

  Barrier bags – the type dispensed from a roll to hold items such as loose fruit and vegetables 

  Heavier style retail bags – the type usually used by clothing and department stores

  Sturdy bags designed for multiple use such as ‘green’ bags

  Biodegradable compostable bags that meet the Australian Standard

  Paper bags

  Bin liners for purchase

 What about degradable bags?

A range of bags claim to be degradable in different conditions. Some degradable bags are made partly or wholly of polyethylene. Only compostable biodegradable bags that meet Australian Standard AS 4736-2006 are excluded from the ban. These bags are usually made of some form of starch or other compostable material.

 6.       Jute Statistics:

  Imports of raw jute, kenaf and allied fibres     : 1,500 MT (2009) & 2,300 MT (2005)

  Exports of products of jute, kenaf and allied fibress     : 23,000 MT (2009) & 28,700 MT (2005)

  Imports of products of jute, kenaf and allied fibres      : 100 MT (2009) & 200 MT (2004-2005)


          Australia was an importing member of the erstwhile International Jute Organization;

          The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)  in Australia holds the second set of jute germplasm;

          Australia is a trading/manufacturing/consuming country of jute and jute products;

          It is a major player in world jute market;

          Australia imports (2001-2009) an average of 1890 tonnes of raw jute per year and 26,000 tonnes of jute products. Australia also exports 0.1 thousand tonnes of jute goods annualy.

7.      Other information (any special information which is related to jute):

  As of 2010, three companies manufacture cars in Australia: GM-Holden, Ford and Toyota.

  Ford started using kenaf composites in the interior panel design of the automobiles from the beginning of 2012

8.       Associate Members:

Md Jashim Uddin

Chief Executive

Trade World SS

7/14 Roosevelt Avenue, Riverwood

NSW 2210, Australia

Mobile: 61- 0419 225 153 (Australia)

Tel: 61-2- 9153 5559, Fax/Tel: 61-2- 9584 0848

Email: twssinvestment@gmail.com


9.       Jute Industries and Traders:

           Kangaroo Export Import International Pty Ltd.

   Business: Trading of jute bag, raw jute and jute products

          Harmony Promo Products Pty Ltd 

   Business: Distributor/Wholesaler

   Product/Service: Promotional Products,Bags,Conference Supplies,Corporate Clothing,Headwear

          Shajib Eco Fibres and Sharif Jute Trading 

   Business: Manufacturer, Trading Company, Distributor/Wholesaler

   Product/Service: Raw Jute,Jute Yarn,Jute twine,Jute Rope,Jute Bag,Jute Gunny Bag,Jute Sack,Jute Hessian Cloth,Jute Hessian Bag & CBC


   Business: Manufacturer, Distributor/Wholesaler

   Product/Service: cotton bag, non woven bag, handbag, wallet, apron, promotional product, backpack, crystal product,shop bag, eco bag, jute bag etc

          Oz Agric international Pty Ltd.

   Business: manufacture premium quality jute rugs

          Shazillah Crafts

   Business: Trading Company

   Product/Service: handicraft including jute products

          Bhavani Durgam 

   Business: Distributor/Wholesaler

   Product/Service: Jute, jute products

          Khatu International 

   Business: Distributor/Wholesaler

   Product/Service: Jute Bags, Bags, Eco Friendly Bags

          Handicraft W

   Business: Trading Company

   Product/Service: Jute Bags

          Jute Bag Australia Pty Ltd.

   Business: Manufacturer

   Product/Service: Jute Bags

          Karmanya Exim

   Business: Distributor/Wholesaler

   Product/Service: Rugs, Carpets, Bath Mats, Home Furnishing items

          ST Aust Pty Ltd  

   Trading Company  

   Product/Service: Trade services in the natural fibre industry (Jute Geotextiles)


10.    Govt. Department/Ministry may deal with jute:

          Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

          Department of Climate Change, 2009

          Australian Bureau of Statistics

          CSIRO and Bureau of Meteorology, Climate Change in Australia

          Environmental Protection and Heritage Council (EPHC)


11.    IJO and IJSG Collaboration:

Mr. Sudripta Roy, the former Secretary General, IJSG and Mr. Md. Faruque Hossain, Finance & Administrative Officer, IJSG visited NSW, Canberra, Australia in 26-27 July 2010 on a Membership drive









          https:/ http://www.futureinaustralia.com/students/major-industries-in-australia /www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html

          Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States

          Click for Government ACT (Ban Plastic)

          Department of Climate Change, 2009, National Greenhouse Gas Inventory May 2009



All Content Copy Right Reserved 2003, IJSG, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Disclaimer
Courtesy : Ministry of Textiles, Government of India |  Powered by IJIRA