a.    Total Population:

                                          i.    Agricultural Population –

                                         ii.    Total labour force – 5.528 million (2011 est.)

a)  agriculture: 11.7%

b)  industry: 28.5%

c)  services: 59.8% (2009 est.)

b.    GDP: $246.9 billion (2011 est.)

c.    GDP - real growth rate: -2.2% (2011 est.)

d.    GDP – per capita: $23,200 (2011 est.)

e.    GDP - composition by sector:

                            i.      agriculture: 2.5%

                          ii.      industry: 22.8%

                         iii.      services: 74.8% (2011 est.)

f.     Investment (gross fixed): 17.5% of GDP (2011 est.)

g.    Unemployment rate: 12.4% (2011 est.)

h.    Industries: textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper, chemicals, auto-parts manufacturing, base metals, dairy products, wine and other foods, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications; ship construction and refurbishment; tourism




a.    Total Exports: $55.8 billion (2011 est.)

b.    Exports commodities: agricultural products, food products, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals

c.    Total Import: $76.03 billion (2011 est.)

d.    Imports commodities: agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, and optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semi-conductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials

  Climate, Land & Agriculture:  

a.    Climate: maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

b.    Total Agricultural Land Area:

c.    Land Use:

                                          i.    Arable land: 17.29%

                                         ii.    Permanent crops: 7.84%

                                        iii.    Others: 74.87%

                                       iv.    Irrigated land: 5,840 sq km (2008)

d.    Major Agricultural commodities: grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, dairy products; fish

  Major Industrial Activities:  
  agricultural products, vehicles and other transport material, food products, textile materials  
  Environmental information & data:  

Environment - current issues:

Soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas

Environment - international agreements:

Party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

Signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification

  Jute Statistics:  

  Govt. Department/Ministry dealing with jute:    

         Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries

         Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development

         Ministry for Environment and Spatial Planning

         Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Portugal)


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